REPORT: Energy Efficiency Leads Calif. Job Growth, Nationwide Job Growth
Industry now employs 318,500 Californians; grew 2.6% in 2018
- 34% of Calif. energy workers are employed by energy efficiency businesses
- Top 10 States for EE Jobs: Calif., Texas, N.Y., Fla., Ill., N.C., Mass., Mich., Ohio, Va.
- 41 states, including Calif., employ more workers in energy efficiency than fossil fuels
- 11% of Calif. energy efficiency workers are veterans
LOS ANGELES – Energy efficiency is the fastest-growing segment of U.S. energy-sector employment, now employing more than 2.3 million Americans—including 318,500 in California— according to a new analysisfrom E4TheFuture and the national, nonpartisan business group E2 (Environmental Entrepreneurs). Energy efficiency workers now account for 34 percent of all energy workers in California, and 28 percent nationally.
The new report, Energy Efficiency Jobs in America, finds energy efficiency jobs grew 3.4 percent nationally in 2018 –more than double the rate of growth for overall jobs nationwide — with 7.8% growth projected for 2019. In California, employers added over 8,100 jobs for a 2.6% rate.
Among states, California led the nation in energy-efficiency employment with 318,500 jobs, followed by Texas (162,800), New York (123,300), Florida (118,400), and Illinois (89,400). Thirteen states saw efficiency jobs increase by more than five percent in 2018, led by New Mexico (11.6%), Nevada (8.1%), Oklahoma (7.2%), Colorado (7.2%), and New Jersey (7.1%). Not a single state saw declines in energy efficiency employment in 2018.
The report, released at the annual meeting of the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) in Manhattan Beach, California, highlights energy efficiency’s continued economic importance.
“While politicians argue over the direction of our energy transition, the economic benefits of improving energy efficiency continue to unite America’s business and environmental interests,” said Pat Stanton, Director of Policy at E4TheFuture. “Not only is expanding America’s energy efficiency key to solving multiple climate policy goals, it is now integral to businesses’ expansion plans – saving money and creating local jobs that cannot be outsourced.”
Efficiency businesses added 76,000 net new jobs in 2018, accounting for half of all net jobs added by America’s energy sector (151,700). The sector also employed twice the number of workers in 2018 as all fossil fuel industries combined (1.18 million) and in 41 states, including California, energy efficiency employs more workers than fossil fuels. There are now more than 360,000 energy efficiency businesses operating across the U.S., including 51,000 in California.
“We all know energy efficiency saves consumers and businesses money with every month’s power bill,” said Bob Keefe, executive director of E2. “We should also remember that energy efficiency is creating jobs and driving economic growth in every state – and doing so while also helping our environment, not hurting it.”
Energy efficiency jobs include positions in manufacturing, such as building ENERGY STAR® appliances, efficient windows and doors and LED lighting systems. They include jobs in construction – retrofitting buildings, offices and schools to make them more efficient. Efficiency careers are found in high-tech design and software and professional services, as well as at the heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) companies that upgrade outdated inefficient HVAC systems, boilers, ductwork and other equipment.
Energy efficiency jobs aren’t limited by geography, geology or political persuasion. There are workers in energy efficiency in every state and in virtually every U.S. county, the report shows. California is home to 7,400 of the nation’s 317,000 rural energy efficiency jobs while the San Francisco, Los Angeles, and San Diego metro areas account for 188,000—more than every U.S. except California.
Looking at legislative districts, 46 of California’s 53 congressional districts are home to at least 3,000 energy efficiency jobs. In the state legislature, all 40 of the state’s senate districts along with 76 of 80 house districts had over 1,000 energy efficiency jobs.
“State energy officials understand that energy efficiency and the jobs that come with it is an integral and important part of the overall economy,” said David Terry, Executive Director at NASEO, which provides research support for the underlying data behind Energy Efficiency Jobs in America. “Policymakers at the state and federal levels will hopefully keep the size and reach of energy efficiency employment in mind as they plan for the future.”
More detailed findings of energy efficiency jobs for California and all 50 states and the District of Columbia – including job totals for every congressional and legislative district, industry and technology breakdowns, and maps of every state’s top counties — are at e2.org/eejobsinamerica. A set of FAQs about the report is here.
Other key findings:
- 11% of energy efficiency jobs are held by veterans — nearly double the national average of 6%
- Construction and manufacturing make up more than 70% of US. energy efficiency jobs
- Energy efficiency jobs account for 19% of all construction jobs in California and more than one out of every six construction jobs nationally (1.3 million workers total)
- More than 31,700 California energy efficiency businesses are involved in construction or manufacturing
- Nationwide, 321,000 energy efficiency jobs are in manufacturing
- Efficient lighting technologies employ 370,000 workers nationwide
- Energy-efficient heating, ventilation, and cooling technologies employ more than 187,000 California workers and over 1.1 million nationwide
- ENERGY STAR appliances and efficient lighting firms employ nearly 71,800 Californians
- Energy efficiency employers are projecting 7.8% job growth nationwide in 2019
- Small businesses are driving America’s energy efficiency job boom, with 78% of California workers employed by businesses with fewer than 20 total workers
Ahead of Energy Efficiency Day 2019 on October 2, E2 and E4TheFuture will host an online panel discussion onEnergy Efficiency Jobs in America 2019 featuring Keefe, Stanton, and the authors of the report from BW Research Partnership. To register and attend the free event on October 1, click here.
Energy Efficiency Jobs in America follows E2’s Clean Jobs America analysis, which found that clean energy jobs account for nearly 3.3 million jobs across all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Both reports expand on data from the 2019 U.S. Energy and Employment Report (USEER) produced by the Energy Futures Initiative (EFI) in partnership with NASEO, using data collected and analyzed by BW Research Partnership. The report was released in March, and is available at www.usenergyjobs.org. E2 and E4TheFuture were both partners on the USEER, the fourth installment of the energy survey first released by the Department of Energy in 2016 and subsequently abandoned under the Trump administration.
To speak with business leaders around the country who support strong investments in energy efficiency and their impact on America’s economy, please contact Michael Timberlake (firstname.lastname@example.org), Patrick Mitchell (email@example.com).
- Energy Efficiency Jobs in America 2017 | E4TheFuture + E2
- Energy Efficiency Jobs in America 2018 | E4TheFuture + E2
- Clean Jobs America 2019 | E2
- 2019 USEER Report | NASEO + Energy Futures Initiative
- Faces of Energy Efficiency | E4TheFuture